THE SPIRITUAL CHAIN
Although Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani is considered the founder of the Qadiriyyatariqah, the movement truly did not develop until after his death. Al-Qadir’s son, ‘Abd al-Razzaq (d. 1206/7), carefully constructed his father’s legacy in the way he compiled and released his writings. Some claim al-Razzaq authored certain poems to legitimize his claims about his father. “saying that his father was descended on his father’s side from Hassan, the older son of the Prophet’s daughter Fatima (605-633 CE), and on his mother’s side from her younger son Hussayn (626-680 CE). For each of these assertions he provides a corresponding genealogy.” Abd al-Razzaq then goes on to say that, his father was also related, through one of his paternal or maternal grandparents, to all four of the venerated Rightly Guided Caliphs. According to ‘Abd al-Razzaq, the first holder of the post of [pole] was none other than the Prophet Muhammad (570-630 CE) himself. This rank passed after the Prophet’s death to his cousin, the fourth caliph ‘Ali (600-661 CE), and was inherited from him in succession by poles who each invested his trusted disciple with it. ‘Abd al-Qadir was invested with the rank of [pole] by Abu Sa’id b. ‘Ali al-Makhzumi, who held it before him in this continuous chain of succession. “ This gave the Qadiriyya a religious legitimacy against their Abbasid rivals in Baghdad caliphate.
The spiritual chain (silsila) is listed as follows:
Another version is as follows:
THE SUFI WAY
Sufism, mystical Islamic belief and practice in which Muslims seek to find the truth of divine love and knowledge through direct personal experience of Allah (S.W.T). ... Sufis have elaborated the image of the Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him—the founder of Islam—and have thus largely influenced Muslim piety by their Muhammad-mysticism (Muhammadiyya).
SHEIK IBRAHIM EL DESOUKI
الشيخ إبراهيم الدسوقي
'Ibrahīm Bin ʿAbd-El-ʿAzīz 'Abu al-Magd, better known as El Desouki, was an Egyptian Sufi saint and Imam and the founder of the Desouki Order.
El Desouki was born in Desouk on the Nile delta and there he lived his whole life, hence his attribution to it. According to traditions and popular sayings, He is a descendant of Ali ibn Abi Talib from his paternal side and to the caliph of the Dasooqi order in Egypt from his maternal side. El-Desouki was influenced by the Shadhili Sufi order and was as well close to his contemporary Sufi Ahmad al-Badawi of Tanta. He became Sheikh ul-Islam of Egypt during Baibars' rule.
SHEIK AḤMAD AL-BADAWĪ
الشيخ أحمد البدوي
Sheik Aḥmad al-Badawī is treasured by all those Sunni Muslims who venerate saints, was a 13th-century Moroccan Sunni Muslim mystic who became famous as the founder of the Badawiyyah order of Sufism. Originally hailing from Fes, al-Badawi eventually settled for good in Tanta, Egypt in 1236, whence he developed a posthumous reputation as "Egypt's greatest saint." As al-Badawi is perhaps "the most popular of Muslim saints in Egypt," his tomb has remained a "major site of visitation" for Muslims in the region.
SHAIKH AHMAD AL-RIFA`I
الشيخ أحمد الرفاعي
Shaikh Ahmad ibn `Ali ar-Rifa`i was the founder of the Rifa`i Sufi order. His tomb and shrine is located near Tal Afar in northern Iraq . He was born in Hasen Region of Wasit, Iraq, during the first half of Recep of lunar months. When he was seven years old, his father Sayyid Sultan Ali el-Betaihi died in Baghdad. After that his uncle Sayyid Mansur ar-Rabbani el-Betaihi took under his protection and educated him.